Orofacial Myology is defined as treatment of the orofacial musculature to improve muscle tonicity and activity. It is the establishment of correct functional activities of the tongue, lips and jaw, so that normal growth and development may take place or progress in a stable, homeostatic environment. Therapy may include the treatment of para functional habits (thumb and finger sucking, lip licking, nail biting, etc.), or temporomandibular muscle dysfunction as it relates to bruxism and clenching, range of motion activities, or postural habits of the tongue, lips and jaw.
Abnormal neuromuscular responses associated with improper chewing habits
Detrimental oral and facial habits
Facial and postural esthetics
Hyper- and hypo-sensitivity of the orofacial muscles
Posturing problems related to the lips, tongue and jaw
Swallowing patterns which may be associated with malocclusion
The overall goal of Orofacial Myofunctional therapy is to assist in the creation, re-establishment or stabilization of a normal oral environment with regard to tongue and lip posturing and function to permit normal processes of growth and development to occur. Treatment goals, strategies, and objectives are determined in conjunction with primary care providers in dentistry or medicine using a Team Approach.
Coulson & Associates